Electric Vehicle Driver Resources
Where to charge?
Types of Charging Stations
AC vs DC
AC Charger - An EVSE that outputs alternating current (AC) which is rectified to direct current (DC) within the vehicle.
DC Charger - An EVSE that outputs direct current which flows directly into the battery. This is faster than AC charging because the DC Charger can rectify more power than the car.
Tethered vs Socket
(diagrams would be ideal showing recommended connections)
Tethered Station: Charging stations with a fixed cable and and plug for your car
Socket Station: Charging stations with a socket that the driver can plug a cable into. This allows any electric vehicle driver to charge from this station, independent of their plug standard.
Plug standards (AC and DC)
Standard AC Charging
Type 1 (Alternate names: J1772, SAE J1772) - In Australia, this is the plug standard used by BMW, Nissan, Porsche, Mercedes, Volvo and Mitsubishi. It is the plug standard in North America and Japan.
Type 2 (Alternate names: IEC 62196, Mennekes) - In Australia, this plug standard is currently used by Tesla and Renault. It is capable of 3-Phase charging allowing it to charge vehicles much faster if 3-Phase power is avaliable. It is the plug standard for all of Europe.
Rapid DC Charging
CHAdeMo - The name is an abreviation for “CHArge de MOve”, equivilent to “move using charge”. The plug standard can be seen to the right. It is used internationally by the Japanese brands Mitsubishi, Nissan and Toyota.
CCS Combo - CCS is short for combined charging system and is based around the type 1 and type 2 standards. There are two variants depending on these type 1 and 2 plugs (see examples below). These standards are used by Volkswagen, BMW, Ford and Hyundai internationally.
Tesla Supercharger Plug - The Tesla Superchargers in fact do not require a different plug standard. Instead they use 2 of the pins on the standard Tesla type 2 plug for DC current. However the Superchargers only work with Tesla cars and do not charge any car with a type 2 plug.
Standard outlets can also be used to charge electric vehicles through use of portable EVSE's.
Every standard outlet in Australia has a strict current rating which should not be exceeded under any condition. All equipment used should abide by AS/NZS 3000, J1772, IEC 62196 and all other relevant electrical standards.
General Purpose Outlet (GPO) - A 3 flat pin 10 A socket outlet. Seen commonly throughout most residential buildings.
15 A Outlet - A 3 flat pin 15 A socket outlet. Seen typically for large appliances such as air conditioners or at camping grounds.
20 A Outlet - A 3 flat pin 20 A socket outlet. Seen typically for large appliances such as stoves or lighting.
20 A 3-Phase Socket - A 5 round pin 20 A socket outlet. Seen typically on industrial sites.
32 A 3-Phase Socket -A 5 round pin 32 A socket outlet. Seen typically on industrial sites.
Socket Charging Station Cables
-Portable chargers (maybe put outlet's here)
Servicing and Battery Life?
-Might be something worth considering to broaden the scope of the resources
Safety and Emergency's
-Look up some standards