General Electric Vehicle Information

Definitions

Types of Vehicles

Electric Vehicle (EV) - Any vehicle which uses electric motors as a form of propulsion. 

Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV) - A type of electric vehicle that relies solely on rechargeable battery packs for storage of its energy. 

Hybrid Vehicle - A type of electric vehicle that has both rechargeable batteries, an electric motor and an internal combustion engine (multiple power sources).

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) - A type of hybrid vehicle that can be plugged into an external power source to recharge the batteries. 

 

Types of Charging

Trickle Charging - Slow overnight charge when the battery is close to full or the EVSE used can only supply a small amount of power.

Fast Charging - Typical charging from home or public charging stations.

Rapid Charging - Public stations that use DC power to charge you vehicle in a short period. 

Mobile Charging - Charging from a power point directly without the need for an installed EVSE.

AC Charger - An EVSE that outputs alternating current (AC) which is rectified to direct current (DC) within the vehicle. 

DC Charger - An EVSE that outputs direct current which flows directly into the battery. This is faster than AC charging because the DC Charger can rectify more power than the car. 

RFID - The type of card required to access public charging stations.

 

Plug Types

Standard AC Charging

Type 1 (Alternate names: J1772, SAE J1772) - In Australia, this is the plug standard used by BMW, Nissan, Porsche, Mercedes, Volvo and Mitsubishi. It is the plug standard in North America and Japan. 

Type 2 (Alternate names: IEC 62196, Mennekes) - In Australia, this plug standard is currently used by Tesla and Renault. It is capable of 3-Phase charging allowing it to charge vehicles much faster if 3-Phase power is avaliable. It is the plug standard for all of Europe. 

Rapid DC Charging

CHAdeMo - The name is an abreviation for “CHArge de MOve”, equivilent to “move using charge”. The plug standard can be seen to the right. It is used internationally by the Japanese brands Mitsubishi, Nissan and Toyota. 

CCS Combo - CCS is short for combined charging system and is based around the type 1 and type 2 standards. There are two variants depending on these type 1 and 2 plugs (see examples below). These standards are used by Volkswagen, BMW, Ford and Hyundai internationally. 

Tesla Supercharger Plug - The Tesla Superchargers in fact do not require a different plug standard. Instead they use 2 of the pins on the standard Tesla type 2 plug for DC current. However the Superchargers only work with Tesla cars and do not charge any car with a type 2 plug. 

Other Terms

Kilowatt (kW) - Measurement of power (how fast a car is charging).

Kilowatt hour (kWh) - Measurement of energy (how full a car battery is).

EVSE - Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (a.k.a. vehicle chargers).

Electric vehicles available in Australia

Might have to link off. Find images that are different to the ones on our website. Even maybe no images. 

I will design this when I have access to the website, wont be able to directly copy it across from here. 

Statistics

Global trends reflect a increase in the uptake of electric vehicles. [Add some more here. Not quite sure what voice to take as the EV council]

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