Once you enter the world of electric vehicles, you will soon realise there are a range of technical terms that get used every day by owners and enthusiasts. To help you keep up, we've listed some of the common ones.
EV - Electric Vehicle
BEV - Battery Electric Vehicle
PHEV - Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle
Kilowatt (kW) - Measurement of power (how fast a car is charging).
Kilowatt hour (kWh) - Measurement of energy (how full a car battery is).
EVSE - Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (a.k.a. vehicle chargers).
Types of Charging
Trickle Charging - Slow overnight charge when the battery is close to full or the EVSE used can only supply a small amount of power.
Fast Charging - Typical charging from home or public charging stations.
Rapid Charging - Public stations that use DC power to charge you vehicle in a short period.
Mobile Charging - Charging from a power point directly without the need for an installed EVSE.
AC Charger - An EVSE that outputs alternating current (AC) which is rectified to direct current (DC) within the vehicle.
DC Charger - An EVSE that outputs direct current which flows directly into the battery. This is faster than AC charging because the DC Charger can rectify more power than the car.
RFID - The type of card required to access public charging stations.
Single Phase Power - The most common type of power in most residential households.
Three Phase Power - More common in industrial areas but can also be found in some residential areas. It is capable of transferring more power (to your electric vehicle) if the vehicle uses a type 2 plug.